Monthly Archives: November 2014

Nyala

Main Characteristics

Nyala are medium sized antelopes and they have a body length between 1.4 and 1.6 m (4.5 – 5.25 ft), a tail length between 40 and 55 cms (16 – 22 inches) and they weigh between 55 and 125 kgs (120 – 280 lbs). Male Nyala are much larger and heavier than females.

Male Nyala have a dark grey coloured head and body with indistinct stripes along their torso. Their lower legs are tan in colour and they have have a fringe of hair along their underside and a thin crest on their back. They have horns that measure up to 70 cms (28 inches) in length and a white “V” between their eyes.

Female and juvenile Nyala are red/brown in colour and they have distinctive, vertical white stripes along their body. They do not have any horns but they have a white “V” between their eyes.

They spend most of the day, particularly the hottest part, under the shade and they tend to feed during the evening and early in the morning. They have an alarm call that is a “dog-like” bark.

Habitat

Nyala are found near dense bush in the dry savanna woodlands of southern Africa. They prefer areas that are close to a water source and good quality grass.

Females live in groups that consist of 2 – 30 individuals. It is not uncommon for groups of female Nyala to be related as young females stay in close proximity to their mother once they are independent.

Males also form loose groups but these are more transitory. Neither male or female groups are territorial and their home ranges often overlap.

Diet

Nyala feed upon grasses, leaves, twigs, fruits and flowers. They drink daily when water is plentiful but they are able to survive in areas when water is only seasonally available.

Breeding

Nyala breed throughout the year although most young are born in spring and there is a small peak in the autumn. After a gestation period of 7 months, 1 calf (sometimes 2) is born. At birth the young Nyala weighs approximately 5 kg (11 lbs) and they remain hidden from predators for approximately 18 days.

They are weaned at around 7 months old but they remain with their mother until her next calf is born. Nyala are sexually mature by the time they are 18 months old.

Predators

Common predators of Nyala include lions, hyenas, leopards and african wild dogs.

If a predator is detected a member of the group will let out a barking call and the other Nyala in the area will react and run away. Nyala also react to the warning calls from other species such as impala, baboons, and kudu.

Sibuya Game Reserve

If you are planning an African Safari, or want to stay at a Game Reserve in South Africa, or a Game Reserve near the Garden Route, or are looking for that perfect Game Reserve Wedding Venue, then why not visit Sibuya for that ultimate African Bush Experience! Sibuya is a Malaria Free Game Reserve

Visit Sibuya’s Forest CampRiver Camp or Bush Lodge for the ultimate African Safari adventure.

Sibuya offers team-building & conferencing programmes for companies or conference groups.

Did You Know: Giraffe Facts

NASA were able to create the ‘Lower Body Negative Pressure’ process by studying giraffes, especially baby giraffes and the fact that they learn to stand almost immediately upon birth, thanks to their rapidly inflating leg veins.

Giraffes and space travel don’t seem like an obvious mix, but they have actually contributed quite a lot to our travels in space.

Weightlessness has always posed a number of problems to the human body. One of the most significant issues is the weakening of leg veins. Since the blood flows differently in space, the circulatory system of the legs doesn’t have to put in so much work in order to pump the blood back up. The veins get lazy, thin, and weak, which can pose serious problems when returning to Earth.

Giraffes have provided a solution to this problem. Baby giraffes learn how to stand almost immediately upon birth, thanks to their rapidly inflating leg veins.

When NASA observed this, they were able to create the Lower Body Negative Pressure process. It’s a device that consists of an airtight tube that seals around the astronaut below the waist and applies vacuum pressure, thus rapidly expanding the leg veins and making blood rush into the legs and pelvic area. When this pressure is applied at regular intervals, the astronaut’s leg veins stay in shape.

Sibuya Game Reserve

If you are planning an African Safari, or want to stay at a Game Reserve in South Africa, or a Game Reserve near the Garden Route, or are looking for that perfect Game Reserve Wedding Venue, then why not visit Sibuya for that ultimate African Bush Experience! Sibuya is a Malaria Free Game Reserve

Visit Sibuya’s Forest CampRiver Camp or Bush Lodge for the ultimate African Safari adventure.

Sibuya offers team-building & conferencing programmes for companies or conference groups.